Drexel University Home Pagewww.drexel.edu DREXEL UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES HOMEPAGE >>

iDEA: Drexel E-repository and Archives > Drexel Theses and Dissertations > Drexel Theses and Dissertations > Low temperature setting polymer-ceramic composites for bone tissue engineering

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1860/517

Title: Low temperature setting polymer-ceramic composites for bone tissue engineering
Authors: Sethuraman, Swaminathan
Keywords: Chemical engineering;Bone cements;Tissue engineering
Issue Date: 17-Aug-2005
Abstract: Tissue engineering is defined as “the application of biological, chemical and engineering principles towards the repair, restoration or regeneration of tissues using scaffolds, cells, factors alone or in combination”. The hypothesis of this thesis is that a matrix made of a synthetic biocompatible, biodegradable composite can be designed to mimic the properties of bone, which itself is a composite. The overall goal was to design and develop biodegradable, biocompatible polymerceramic composites that will be a practical alternative to current bone repair materials. The first specific aim was to develop and evaluate the osteocompatibility of low temperature self setting calcium deficient apatites for bone tissue engineering. The four different calcium deficient hydroxyapatites evaluated were osteocompatible and expressed the characteristic genes for osteoblast proliferation, maturation, and differentiation. Our next objective was to develop and evaluate the osteocompatibility of biodegradable amino acid ester polyphosphazene in vitro as candidates for forming composites with low temperature apatites. We determined the structure – property relationship, the cellular adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation of primary rat osteoblast cells on two dimensional amino acid ester based polyphosphazene films. Our next goal was to evaluate the amino acid ester based polyphosphazenes in a subcutaneous rat model and our results demonstrated that the polyphosphazenes evaluated in the study were biocompatible. The physio-chemical property characterization, cellular response and gene expression on the composite surfaces were evaluated. The results demonstrated that the precursors formed calcium deficient hydroxyapatite in the presence of biodegradable polyphosphazenes. In addition, cells on the surface of the composites expressed normal phenotype and characteristic genes such as type I collagen, alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, osteopontin, and bone sialoprotein. The in vivo study of these novel bone cements in a 5mm unicortical defect in New Zealand white rabbits showed that the implants were osteoconductive, and osteointegrative. In conclusion, the various studies that have been carried out in this thesis to study the feasibility of a bone cement system have shown that these materials are promising candidates for various orthopaedic applications. Overall I believe that these next generation bone cements are promising bone graft substitutes in the armamentarium to treat bone defects.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1860/517
Appears in Collections:Drexel Theses and Dissertations

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
Sethuraman_Swaminathan.pdf28.24 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
View Statistics

Items in iDEA are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.


Valid XHTML 1.0! iDEA Software Copyright © 2002-2010  Duraspace - Feedback