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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1860/3903

Title: Perceptions of risk factors of juvenile suspects’ false confessions
Authors: Peterson, Lindsey
Keywords: Clinical psychology;False Confessions;Juvenile delinquency--Psychological aspects
Issue Date: Feb-2011
Abstract: Jurors tend to accept confessions as one of the most important pieces of evidence. This may be problematic for juveniles who are particularly at risk for offering false confessions during interrogations. Although aware of the possibility of false confessions, people may not understand the influence of risk factors (e.g., young age, low IQ) on the probability of false confessions, and jurors may discount the presence of such factors. This study examined young adults’ beliefs about risk factors that may influence the likelihood of juveniles’ false confessions and evaluated the accuracy of these beliefs by comparing them to extant research findings. Data from 438 participants revealed that participants correctly identified Miranda comprehension, suggestibility, and substance use and abuse as influencing the likelihood of a false confession, and they failed to identify five other risk factors that have been identified in previous research. Consistent with predictions, those young adults whose beliefs better reflected extant findings on risk factors tended to believe that false confessions were more likely to occur. Future research may focus on obtaining data in a more realistic jury setting. Implications concerning juvenile cases with an alleged false confession are discussed.
Description: Thesis (M.S., Clinical psychology)--Drexel University, 2011.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1860/3903
Appears in Collections:Drexel Theses and Dissertations

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