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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1860/3046

Title: The Effect of Family Therapy on Prison-based Substance Abuse Treatment and Recidivism Outcomes for Incarcerated Women
Authors: Swint, Phyllis A.
Keywords: Family Therapy;Substance Abuse;Prisoners;Women;Recidivism
Issue Date: 10-Jun-2009
Abstract: This study examined the effect of family therapy and prison-based substance abuse treatment on recidivism outcomes for women in custody at a Philadelphia adult correctional facility. The quasi-experimental design of the study used quantitative analysis of archival data to isolate the independent effect of family therapy treatment on retention in prison-based substance abuse treatment and recidivism. Survival regression analyses were used to predict time until rearrest. For comparison, a sample of 100 female inmates were divided into two study groups comprising those who received substance abuse treatment only, and those who received substance abuse treatment and family therapy. Background information including sociodemographic (race/ethnicity, age, and education), criminal history, substance abuse, mental health, and trauma histories was abstracted from the Philadelphia Prison’s Integrated Jail Management System and the Forensic Family Therapy Treatment Program’s client records. Prison-based treatment information and post-release recidivism was coded from prison-maintained computerized custody and criminal history reports. While there was no significant differences between groups in binary comparisons on risk factors associated recidivism, or the positive influence of family therapy on treatment retention in the prison-based therapeutic community, results did indicate a delay in time until recidivism for women who received treatment during incarceration. Survival findings showed that of the N = 100 women in the sample who received long-term prison-based behavioral health treatment (substance abuse treatment and/or family therapy) only 30% recidivated post release from prison, which falls well below national recidivism averages at 66% for parolees. These findings suggest several relevant implications for policy and clinical practice that potentially could lead to system-wide cost benefits for the state.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1860/3046
Appears in Collections:Health Sciences Theses and Dissertations

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