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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1860/2633

Title: Respiratory rhythm entrainment by somatic afferent stimulation
Authors: Potts, Jeffrey T.
Rybak, Ilya A.
Paton, Julian F. R.
Keywords: Respiratory Control;Somatosensory Input;Pontomedullary Respiratory Network;Entrainment;Sensory-Motor Integration;Locomotion
Issue Date: 23-Feb-2005
Publisher: Society for Neuroscience
Citation: Journal of Neuroscience, 25(8): pp. 1965-1978.
Abstract: Respiratory and locomotor patterns are coupled during locomotion. The objectives of this study were to (1) demonstrate that respiratory rhythms are entrained by sensory input from somatic afferents, (2) establish whether the parabrachial nucleus mediates entrainment, (3) examine responses of single respiratory neurons in the ventral respiratory group (VRG) to somatic afferent stimulation, and (4) use a computational model of the pontomedullary respiratory network (Rybak et al., 2004a,b) to suggest neuronal mechanisms for entrainment. We used an in situ preparation in young rats that retained pontomedullary respiratory circuits and spinal pathways transmitting somatosensory input. We demonstrate that rhythmic stimulation of somatic afferents entrains respiratory rhythm on a 1:1 basis (1:1), increasing breathing frequency up to 1.4 –2.2 times greater than spontaneous frequency. Stable entrainment occurred only when stimuli were delivered during expiration. Reversible blockade of the lateral parabrachial nucleus eliminated entrainment. Somatic afferent stimulation produced significant increases in the firing rate of augmenting expiratory (E2) neurons but shortened the firing duration of postinspiratory (post-I) neurons.Acomputational model reproduced 1:1 entrainment and other experimental findings based on the assumption that the somatic afferents initiate early onset of inspiration via activation of medullary E2 neurons. The model also predicted that afferent stimulation evoked transient hyperpolarization of ramp-inspiratory (ramp-I) neurons. This was confirmed experimentally by intracellular recording from ramp-I neurons. Our experimental and modeling results demonstrate that an entrainment pathway from somatic afferents to the VRG via the lateral parabrachial nucleus causes resetting of respiratory rhythm through excitation of E2 and consequent inhibition of post-I neurons.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3881-04.2005
Appears in Collections:Faculty Research and Publications (Biomed Eng)

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