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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1860/1552

Title: 3D and 2D finite element analysis in soft tissue cutting for haptic display
Authors: Chanthasopeephan, Teeranoot
Desai, Jaydev P.
Lau, Alan C.W.
Keywords: Haptic display;Soft tissue cutting;Local effective modulus
Issue Date: 2005
Publisher: IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Citation: Paper presented at the 2005 International Conference on Advanced Robotics, ICAR '05, Seattle, WA.
Abstract: Real-time medical simulation for robotic surgery planning and surgery training requires realistic yet computationally fast models of the mechanical behavior of soft tissue. This paper presents a study to develop such a model to enable fast haptics display in simulation of softtissue cutting. An apparatus was developed and experiments were conducted to generate force-displacement data for cutting of soft tissue such as pig liver. The forcedisplacement curve of cutting pig liver revealed a characteristic pattern: the overall curve is formed by repeating units consisting of a local deformation segment followed by a local crack-growth segment. The modeling effort reported here focused on characterizing the tissue in the local deformation segment in a way suitable for fast haptic display. The deformation resistance of the tissue was quantified in terms of the local effective modulus (LEM) consistent with experimental force-displacement data. An algorithm was developed to determine LEM by solving an inverse problem with iterative finite element models. To enable faster simulation of cutting of a three-dimensional (3D) liver specimen of naturally varying thickness, three levels of model order reduction were studied. Firstly, a 3D quadratic-element model reduced to uniform thickness but otherwise haptics-equivalent (have identical forcedisplacement feedback) to a 3D model with varying thickness matching that of the liver was used. Next, hapticsequivalent 2D quadratic-element models were used. Finally, haptics-equivalent 2D linear-element models were used. These three models had a model reduction in the ratio of 1.0:0.3:0.04 but all preserved the same input-output (displacement, force) behavior measured in the experiments. The values of the LEM determined using the three levels of model reduction are close to one another. Additionally, the variation of the LEM with cutting speed was determined. The values of LEM decreased as the cutting speed increased .
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ICAR.2005.1507436
Appears in Collections:Faculty Research and Publications (MEM)

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